George Mason University  World Bank Group  Johns Hopkins University MASH-Pandemics

How MASH-Pandemics can help hospitals respond to COVID-19 Coronovirus

Punta Pacifica Hospital Beira Central Hospital

This portal is designed to support hospitals and regional administrators in responding to the current COVID-19 pandemic and other disease outbreaks. Using mathematical modeling, we provide recommendations to help hospitals adapt and coordinate to meet demand surges.

MASH-Pandemics can:

  • Recommend how to increase capacity by:
    • providing alternative standards of care
    • changing operations
    • managing demand
  • Assess how hospitals can work together to build strong regional responses
  • Estimate and prioritize critical supply needs to mobilize supply chains and other external supports
  • Measure the evolving response capacity and capability of hospitals

Our prior research shows that hospitals only need to implement two or three strategies to maximize their capacity and provide acceptable services to their patients under surge situations. Repurposing hospital space and augmenting resources at the same time is key to success. We are actively working to publish results from the COVID-19 enhanced models to help in assessing various strategies and resource management approaches. Find results to date on the INSIGHTS FOR ACTION page.

Switch points exist at which hospitals must introduce strategies for increasing capacity or fully dedicate to COVID-19 response to meet COVID-19 surge demand

Two key switch points can aid a hospital in coping with increasing COVID-19 patient demand, the first of which uses alternative standards of care (ASCs) (increased patient-to-staff ratios permitted and repurposing of nonmedical space) and the second designates nearly all medical space and staff for COVID-19 treatment.

View details


Highlights of Actionable Insights:

bullet itemThe number of ICU patients that can be treated in the ICU in a month decreases by as much as 34% with increasing COVID-19 patients - details

bullet itemICU patients turned away increases with increasing COVID-19 patient arrivals with an unmet demand rate as high as 67% of the ICU’s total bed capacity - details

bullet itemWith half the number of beds available for routine patients in the emergency department (ED), the ED can serve 75% of the routine maximum capacity - details

bullet itemCOVID-19 designated hospitals can serve up to five times the number of COVID-19 patients compared with a similar facility accepting mixed patients - details

bullet itemWith the cancellation of elective surgeries, a hospital can recoup losses in routine patient treatment while providing resources to the COVID-19 response. - details

bullet itemEach day of reduction in ICU length of stay increases ICU patient throughput by up to 15% - details

bullet itemServing each COVID-19 patient requires extra capacity - details

We welcome requests from hospital administrators and others working in an official capacity. Where appropriate, we will run the MASH-Pandemics models using your hospital data and provide recommendations to help inform decision-making. Please submit your request at: REQUEST ANALYSIS.

Informational Videos


NSFThis effort is supported by the National Science Foundation Award 2027624. RAPID: A Portal to Support Models for Assessing Strategies for Hospitals in the COVID-19 and other Pandemics - MASH-Pandemics